An olive tree won’t respond well to brutal pruning, and because they are so slow growing they don’t require too much effort with the secateurs but any dead or awkward branches can be removed in late spring, at which time you should also thin out densely gathered branches to allow light into the centre of the tree. This image may not be used by other entities without the express written consent of wikiHow, Inc.
\n<\/p>


\n<\/p><\/div>"}, {"smallUrl":"https:\/\/www.wikihow.com\/images\/thumb\/f\/f5\/Prune-an-Olive-Tree-Step-2-Version-3.jpg\/v4-460px-Prune-an-Olive-Tree-Step-2-Version-3.jpg","bigUrl":"\/images\/thumb\/f\/f5\/Prune-an-Olive-Tree-Step-2-Version-3.jpg\/aid4652557-v4-728px-Prune-an-Olive-Tree-Step-2-Version-3.jpg","smallWidth":460,"smallHeight":345,"bigWidth":"728","bigHeight":"546","licensing":"

\u00a9 2020 wikiHow, Inc. All rights reserved. If your entire tree is getting yellow and brown leaves, it may be sick from overwatering or poor soil drainage. You should use a lopper and a pruning saw to make these cuts. Whenever you are pruning a young olive tree there are four main points to keep in mind: Too much pruning at a young age will stunt the tree's growth. Accomplish this by pruning a number of perpendicular branches. Wear protective gloves and clothing at all times. The best time to prune deciduous trees is while they are dormant, from November to March. Remove branches that have grown from the foot of the tree or along the … Remember that new growth will grow just above where you make the cut, so you’ll have to cut the tree quite severely, making cuts at four or five feet (1-2 m.). It is best, however, to prune your Olive after the last of the winter frost ( March onwards) and before the first autumn frosts ( late October early November) If you prune back your Olive tree ‘hard’ it will result in a dense growth or a light ‘formative’ prune will give your tree a natural shape. Also prune vertical branches that are crowding the interior of the plant. It is best to trim in late winter or early spring. Practice makes perfect! The branches lower to the ground may not be producing fruit anymore, so you can prune these branches. A tree’s leaves produce its food, so having many leaves when the tree is young provides good energy for growth. This image may not be used by other entities without the express written consent of wikiHow, Inc.
\n<\/p>


\n<\/p><\/div>"}, {"smallUrl":"https:\/\/www.wikihow.com\/images\/thumb\/e\/ef\/Prune-an-Olive-Tree-Step-4-Version-3.jpg\/v4-460px-Prune-an-Olive-Tree-Step-4-Version-3.jpg","bigUrl":"\/images\/thumb\/e\/ef\/Prune-an-Olive-Tree-Step-4-Version-3.jpg\/aid4652557-v4-728px-Prune-an-Olive-Tree-Step-4-Version-3.jpg","smallWidth":460,"smallHeight":345,"bigWidth":"728","bigHeight":"546","licensing":"

\u00a9 2020 wikiHow, Inc. All rights reserved. Fruit only grows on lateral branches, so another reason to prune these vertical branches is to give your tree more energy to put toward fruit-bearing branches. The olive fruit grows on one year old wood, so it is desirable to leave 10 to 18 inches of new shoots for fruit production. wikiHow marks an article as reader-approved once it receives enough positive feedback. Olive trees can be thinned at any time of the year without damaging the tree. Experts recommend us pruning an olive tree by clearing the secondary branches to get sunlight to penetrate every corner of the tree, thus improving photosynthesis. Make notes of these vertical, old or weak branches that you should prune the following year. This image may not be used by other entities without the express written consent of wikiHow, Inc.
\n<\/p>


\n<\/p><\/div>"}, Leading gardening charity in the U.K. providing resources for identifying, growing and caring for flowers and other plants, {"smallUrl":"https:\/\/www.wikihow.com\/images\/thumb\/5\/5a\/Prune-an-Olive-Tree-Step-8-Version-3.jpg\/v4-460px-Prune-an-Olive-Tree-Step-8-Version-3.jpg","bigUrl":"\/images\/thumb\/5\/5a\/Prune-an-Olive-Tree-Step-8-Version-3.jpg\/aid4652557-v4-728px-Prune-an-Olive-Tree-Step-8-Version-3.jpg","smallWidth":460,"smallHeight":345,"bigWidth":"728","bigHeight":"546","licensing":"

\u00a9 2020 wikiHow, Inc. All rights reserved. With most trees it’s best never to take off more than 20% of the foliage. This image may not be used by other entities without the express written consent of wikiHow, Inc.
\n<\/p>


\n<\/p><\/div>"}, {"smallUrl":"https:\/\/www.wikihow.com\/images\/thumb\/8\/84\/Prune-an-Olive-Tree-Step-5-Version-3.jpg\/v4-460px-Prune-an-Olive-Tree-Step-5-Version-3.jpg","bigUrl":"\/images\/thumb\/8\/84\/Prune-an-Olive-Tree-Step-5-Version-3.jpg\/aid4652557-v4-728px-Prune-an-Olive-Tree-Step-5-Version-3.jpg","smallWidth":460,"smallHeight":345,"bigWidth":"728","bigHeight":"546","licensing":"

\u00a9 2020 wikiHow, Inc. All rights reserved. Although the trees are evergreen, they are growing more slowly at that time. Most olive varieties produce a heavy crop every other year and this helps to even out the fruit production. The two most common reasons for leaves to be falling off is over or under watering. This image is not<\/b> licensed under the Creative Commons license applied to text content and some other images posted to the wikiHow website. The ideal time is to prune it before it's about to begin its new growth for the year. Pruning olive trees tips on how why olives gardening solutions how to prune olive trees with images making an olive tree topiary guide to olea europaea how to grow fruitless olive trees. If you really can’t stand to see another ad again, then please consider supporting our work with a contribution to wikiHow. Let's take a closer look at these points. We have a wall of olives, more like a bush. Eventually you want your tree to have 4 strong lateral branches for its main structure. wikiHow, Inc. is the copyright holder of this image under U.S. and international copyright laws. Whenever pruning an olive tree—and this includes many other kinds of trees also— one should always leave enough green growth on each branch so the branch can continue to grow. Prune off suckers, as they rob the canopy of water and nutrients. Maggie Moran is a Professional Gardener in Pennsylvania. If your tree is too dense with vertical branches in the middle, a bird would not be able to do that, and you should remove more vertical branches. wikiHow, Inc. is the copyright holder of this image under U.S. and international copyright laws. Over-pruning your olive tree can result in the tree producing lots of water … You do not need to cut them back very far, but the mere act of pruning will stimulate the growth of more branches and therefore fill in any holes. ", "Step by step pictures and clear explanation.". Remove all growth from below the main fork of the olive tree. Thinning cuts involve cutting something out, while heading cuts – also called topping cuts – involve cutting something off. You can also keep down the height of the tree by pruning out the tallest branches. If your tree is a few years old and still isn’t 1 metre (3.3 ft) tall with a trunk and more than 3 or 4 strong lateral branches, you can hold off on pruning for another year. However, olive trees grow slowly and pruning can increase the chance of infection, so pruning them once a year in the late spring or early summer is enough to keep them healthy. Make sure your pruning shears or saw are both sharp and clean. It's even better to give the tree a light prune each year to keep the canopy in check. Pruning is not difficult, but there are a few rules to follow for good results. ", "Great article! Pruning is an important part of caring for an olive tree. Aim for a martini-glass shape, with the trunk being the glass stem, and around 4 strong lateral branches working out from that. This image may not be used by other entities without the express written consent of wikiHow, Inc.
\n<\/p>


\n<\/p><\/div>"}, {"smallUrl":"https:\/\/www.wikihow.com\/images\/thumb\/6\/63\/Prune-an-Olive-Tree-Step-14-Version-2.jpg\/v4-460px-Prune-an-Olive-Tree-Step-14-Version-2.jpg","bigUrl":"\/images\/thumb\/6\/63\/Prune-an-Olive-Tree-Step-14-Version-2.jpg\/aid4652557-v4-728px-Prune-an-Olive-Tree-Step-14-Version-2.jpg","smallWidth":460,"smallHeight":345,"bigWidth":"728","bigHeight":"546","licensing":"

\u00a9 2020 wikiHow, Inc. All rights reserved. ", https://modernfarmer.com/2015/02/right-cut/, https://www.oliveoilsource.com/page/olive-tree-pruning, http://www.mediterraneangardensociety.org/olives.html#1, https://www.rhs.org.uk/advice/profile?PID=138, http://www.abc.net.au/gardening/stories/s4716160.htm, consider supporting our work with a contribution to wikiHow. However, there might be few problems with olive trees in pots I would like to speak about today. This image is not<\/b> licensed under the Creative Commons license applied to text content and some other images posted to the wikiHow website. Use thinning cuts, not heading cuts, since the latter will stimulate new tall growth. Decide if you want to encourage tree growth that will fill in the tree some more. Pruning during this period allows you to inspect the branching pattern of the limbs better than when they are covered in foliage. This image is not<\/b> licensed under the Creative Commons license applied to text content and some other images posted to the wikiHow website. For tips on choosing the best pruning tools for the job, read on! References We use cookies to make wikiHow great. If you do not have the space or climate to plant an olive tree in your yard, you can always grow one in a container, indoors or out. After that the tree is forming its buds for next year. wikiHow, Inc. is the copyright holder of this image under U.S. and international copyright laws. This image may not be used by other entities without the express written consent of wikiHow, Inc.
\n<\/p>


\n<\/p><\/div>"}, {"smallUrl":"https:\/\/www.wikihow.com\/images\/thumb\/9\/93\/Prune-an-Olive-Tree-Step-3-Version-3.jpg\/v4-460px-Prune-an-Olive-Tree-Step-3-Version-3.jpg","bigUrl":"\/images\/thumb\/9\/93\/Prune-an-Olive-Tree-Step-3-Version-3.jpg\/aid4652557-v4-728px-Prune-an-Olive-Tree-Step-3-Version-3.jpg","smallWidth":460,"smallHeight":345,"bigWidth":"728","bigHeight":"546","licensing":"

\u00a9 2020 wikiHow, Inc. All rights reserved. For instance, pruning in the winter will result in an explosion of growth during the spring. Choose 3-4 strong lateral branches to form your main shape and make slanted cuts to remove branches. This image may not be used by other entities without the express written consent of wikiHow, Inc.
\n<\/p>


\n<\/p><\/div>"}, {"smallUrl":"https:\/\/www.wikihow.com\/images\/thumb\/5\/54\/Prune-an-Olive-Tree-Step-6-Version-3.jpg\/v4-460px-Prune-an-Olive-Tree-Step-6-Version-3.jpg","bigUrl":"\/images\/thumb\/5\/54\/Prune-an-Olive-Tree-Step-6-Version-3.jpg\/aid4652557-v4-728px-Prune-an-Olive-Tree-Step-6-Version-3.jpg","smallWidth":460,"smallHeight":345,"bigWidth":"728","bigHeight":"546","licensing":"

\u00a9 2020 wikiHow, Inc. All rights reserved. When it is time to shape the tree, remember that it is better to make a few, well-placed cuts than to make many small ones. 1. This image is not<\/b> licensed under the Creative Commons license applied to text content and some other images posted to the wikiHow website. Pruning involves trimming off some branches completely and cutting others back, and when done properly, the result is a better harvest of olive fruit and a healthier tree. The parts of a tree that are in shade will not produce fruit. My 20yr old olive tree is getting yellow/brown leaves? wikiHow, Inc. is the copyright holder of this image under U.S. and international copyright laws. Cut these branches to encourage your tree to grow more fruitful branches. Prune in dry weather to allow cuts to heal before frost or rain. Pruning is best done after the winter rains are over, but before the tree begins to flower. When you trim olive trees to allow sun to enter into the center, it improves the fruiting. To clean your shears or saw, dip the blades in isopropyl alcohol for 30 seconds to disinfect them, then carefully wipe them dry with a clean towel. By using this service, some information may be shared with YouTube. wikiHow, Inc. is the copyright holder of this image under U.S. and international copyright laws. It's better to give the hard prune when the tree has finished fruiting - at the end of autumn or in early winter. You shouldn’t touch that pruner to your tree branches until the olive tree is at least four years old. Olive trees grow slowly and generally require little pruning each year if they are healthy and well-maintained. Light pruning of Tea Olive to remove a stray or damaged branch can be performed any time of year. You can cut other small, weak, or vertical branches aside from these main 3 or 4. Sign up to get all the latest gardening tips! Maggie Moran is a Professional Gardener in Pennsylvania. It’s also an opportunity to cut away any dead, diseased or crossing branches to keep the tree healthy. When pruning out disease, clean you pruning tools with disinfectant between cuts. Your tree may take a year off from fruiting every other year. In this case, 92% of readers who voted found the article helpful, earning it our reader-approved status. During these early years, you should encourage foliage to form and leave it alone. This image may not be used by other entities without the express written consent of wikiHow, Inc.
\n<\/p>


\n<\/p><\/div>"}, {"smallUrl":"https:\/\/www.wikihow.com\/images\/thumb\/2\/29\/Prune-an-Olive-Tree-Step-9-Version-3.jpg\/v4-460px-Prune-an-Olive-Tree-Step-9-Version-3.jpg","bigUrl":"\/images\/thumb\/2\/29\/Prune-an-Olive-Tree-Step-9-Version-3.jpg\/aid4652557-v4-728px-Prune-an-Olive-Tree-Step-9-Version-3.jpg","smallWidth":460,"smallHeight":345,"bigWidth":"728","bigHeight":"546","licensing":"

\u00a9 2020 wikiHow, Inc. All rights reserved. It is best to space the process over three years. If you have a very tall, very old olive tree, you may have to prune it drastically to make it productive again. If you prune too early, the cuts are an opportunity for moisture to enter and cause rot. Wait until the early summer when the flower blossoms appear on the olive tree to prune. At that point, trimming olive trees involves only removing any growth that starts to fill in the center of the tree. This image is not<\/b> licensed under the Creative Commons license applied to text content and some other images posted to the wikiHow website. Because olive trees grow slowly, pruning once a year is more than enough. This image may not be used by other entities without the express written consent of wikiHow, Inc.
\n<\/p>


\n<\/p><\/div>"}, {"smallUrl":"https:\/\/www.wikihow.com\/images\/thumb\/6\/6b\/Prune-an-Olive-Tree-Step-7-Version-3.jpg\/v4-460px-Prune-an-Olive-Tree-Step-7-Version-3.jpg","bigUrl":"\/images\/thumb\/6\/6b\/Prune-an-Olive-Tree-Step-7-Version-3.jpg\/aid4652557-v4-728px-Prune-an-Olive-Tree-Step-7-Version-3.jpg","smallWidth":460,"smallHeight":345,"bigWidth":"728","bigHeight":"546","licensing":"

\u00a9 2020 wikiHow, Inc. All rights reserved. Pruning should aim to enhance the natural shape of the tree. Sign up for our newsletter. Pruning an olive tree while it is in bloom allows you to assess the probable crop before you trim. In addition, the tree should be at least 4 years old. Step 2 Look down near the base of the fruitless olive tree trunk and follow it upward to locate any suckers. Going against the tree’s natural habit produces ungainly trees that lack grace. On the other hand, if it is used more as an ornamental, you may wish to leave it tall and beautiful instead. They won’t live long in a pot, only about 8-10 years, and you won’t get barrels of olives or olive … Thanks to all authors for creating a page that has been read 153,829 times. However, if you prune in late spring or summer after flowering, the harvest is likely to be decreased. Read on for information about how to prune olive trees and the best time to prune olive trees. Avoid operating a chainsaw if you have any health conditions that cause weakness from physical activity or if the saw is too heavy for you to easily maneuver. Potted olive trees prefer light pruning yearly instead of severe pruning every two or three years. Sometimes the branches are so dense that they keep out the sun and even hinder the growth of the fruit. Avoid leaving stubs when you make cuts. This is of utmost importance if olive knot is a problem in your area. Potting your tree will keep it a manageable size. This image is not<\/b> licensed under the Creative Commons license applied to text content and some other images posted to the wikiHow website. Most of the pruning required for olive trees are thinning cuts designed to open up the tree. wikiHow, Inc. is the copyright holder of this image under U.S. and international copyright laws. Pruning an olive topiary starts with removing suckers that grow in at the base of the olive stem. If your location starts getting warmer around late spring, then that's the best time for you to prune your olive tree. If I am going to keep these trees alive over the winter in my area, it appears that I will need to either bring them inside the garage under artificial light or into a greenhouse, as you suggested in your reply to my comment. Your tree will not be bearing any fruit until it is about 3 or 4 years old, so this pruning is just to start getting it formed into a shape that will be conducive to healthy growth and fruit bearing. Cutting during wet weather encourages disease. Why are the leaves falling off my olive tree? This image may not be used by other entities without the express written consent of wikiHow, Inc.
\n<\/p>


\n<\/p><\/div>"}, Maintaining Your Olive with Annual Pruning, {"smallUrl":"https:\/\/www.wikihow.com\/images\/thumb\/b\/b8\/Prune-an-Olive-Tree-Step-11-Version-2.jpg\/v4-460px-Prune-an-Olive-Tree-Step-11-Version-2.jpg","bigUrl":"\/images\/thumb\/b\/b8\/Prune-an-Olive-Tree-Step-11-Version-2.jpg\/aid4652557-v4-728px-Prune-an-Olive-Tree-Step-11-Version-2.jpg","smallWidth":460,"smallHeight":345,"bigWidth":"728","bigHeight":"546","licensing":"

\u00a9 2020 wikiHow, Inc. All rights reserved. The best fertilizer for olive trees is a nitrogen-based fertilizer given every spring. Use a pair of sharp, clean pruning shears to prevent spreading disease to the tree. This image is not<\/b> licensed under the Creative Commons license applied to text content and some other images posted to the wikiHow website. Prune on all sides of the olive tree, so walk around it to assess it before you start. Next, turn your attention to the crown which can become quite dense and block light from reaching the centre of the tree. Hard pruning an olive tree in late winter or early spring will encourage a flush of new growth which defeats the purpose of the prune. This image may not be used by other entities without the express written consent of wikiHow, Inc.
\n<\/p>


\n<\/p><\/div>"}. % of people told us that this article helped them. These branches may be dying and should be pruned to give your tree more energy for its healthy branches. Olive trees grow slowly and overall don’t need a lot of pruning. Fruitless olive trees are grown as an ornamental lawn tree and are prized for their silvery green leaves and dense shade. To minimize the damage to your olive tree, prune it only once a year in the late spring or early summer. PRUNING & TRAINING. With olive trees you can safely remove 50% or even 75% of the foliage without killing the tree. Pruning decided by your matter of intrest . Trimming an avocado tree can be done by simply removing the tallest branch each year to reduce the height and removing dead and decaying branches or foliage. Annual pruning is recommended at the end of winter or at the beginning of spring. Find more gardening information on Gardening Know How: Keep up to date with all that's happening in and around the garden. 15 in (38 cm) hand saws are available at most hardware stores. This article was co-authored by Maggie Moran. Pruning Olive Trees . This image is not<\/b> licensed under the Creative Commons license applied to text content and some other images posted to the wikiHow website. We know ads can be annoying, but they’re what allow us to make all of wikiHow available for free. You can prune olive trees in spring or in early summer once the tree begins to open its flower buds. Light annual pruning is still a best practice for encouraging new growth. Yes, some maintenance pruning can help your olive tree produce more fruit and encourage healthy new growth. Find out how to do it, below. This article has been viewed 153,829 times. Prune olive trees in the spring when the weather is dry. This image may not be used by other entities without the express written consent of wikiHow, Inc.
\n<\/p>


\n<\/p><\/div>"}, {"smallUrl":"https:\/\/www.wikihow.com\/images\/thumb\/5\/53\/Prune-an-Olive-Tree-Step-12-Version-2.jpg\/v4-460px-Prune-an-Olive-Tree-Step-12-Version-2.jpg","bigUrl":"\/images\/thumb\/5\/53\/Prune-an-Olive-Tree-Step-12-Version-2.jpg\/aid4652557-v4-728px-Prune-an-Olive-Tree-Step-12-Version-2.jpg","smallWidth":460,"smallHeight":345,"bigWidth":"728","bigHeight":"546","licensing":"

\u00a9 2020 wikiHow, Inc. All rights reserved. You can remove these suckers any time of the year, whether its your annual pruning time or not. If needed, prune out some branches to keep the tree open in the center so the foliage gets plenty of light and air. To prune an olive tree, choose a time either in late spring or early summer and make sure your tree is at least 3-4 feet tall before pruning. Please help us continue to provide you with our trusted how-to guides and videos for free by whitelisting wikiHow on your ad blocker. If they are old and you’re not sure if they are sharp, you can either sharpen them yourself or take them to your local hardware store to have them sharpened for a small fee. I am very much looking forward to your olive tree pruning article as well. Wait until the winter months when the fruitless olive tree is dormant and has dropped all of its leaves. Olive trees in pots make an excellent space-saving addition to your home, patio, landscape, or entrance of your house. Look for double-bladed gardening shears at your local hardware store. Include your email address to get a message when this question is answered. This pruning procedure should be done before early June. When you are shaping an olive tree, timing is important. You can do light pruning or remove dead wood at any time, but if you have larger goals, you'll want to plan your pruning around the seasons. You should now have a healthy olive tree devoid of suckers, dead wood and overgrowth. wikiHow, Inc. is the copyright holder of this image under U.S. and international copyright laws. Work from the base up. If your tree only has 2 strong lateral branches, you can prune others that seem very weak or too vertical, but next year you’ll want to look for another 2 strong branches to keep. Prune olive trees in early spring before buds and flowers set.