We need 2 cookies to store this setting. If the LORD have stirred thee up against me, let him accept an offering: but if they be the children of men, cursed be they before the LORD; for they have driven me out this day from abiding in the inheritance of the LORD, saying, Go, serve other gods. : The people of the city of Ziph – had betrayed David’s whereabouts to Saul before (1 Samuel 23:19-23). He could send any of his 600 men to do this job, and from a military sense it made more sense to send someone else. . opposite Jeshimon, by the road. 2 So Saul went down to the Desert of Ziph, with his three thousand select Israelite troops, to search j there for David. Biblical Commentary 1 Samuel 17:1-58 EXEGESIS: THE CONTEXT: Saul is the king, but he has disobeyed God and God has rejected his kingship (chapter 15). If the LORD has stirred you up against me… if it is the children of men. Click to enable/disable _gid - Google Analytics Cookie. Hostile parties can thus speak to each other, while completely beyond the reach of each other's attack. Abishai also weaves into the matter an element of poetic justice: used to kill Saul would be the king’s own spear, stuck in the ground by his head. And Abner and the people lay all around him. a. And Saul encamped in the hill of Hachilah, which is opposite Jeshimon, by the road. Morgan on I have played the fool: “In these words we have a perfect autobiography. “The book of Samuel is one of the great literary works in human history,” writes Paul Evans in 1-2 Samuel (Story of God Bible Commentary). and let one of the young men come over and fetch it. i ” . 1 Samuel 26 Commentary, One of over 110 Bible commentaries freely available, this verse-by-verse commentary contain gems of information found nowhere outside the ancient Jewish writings That generous measure of mercy will be a great blessing to David later in his life. 1 Samuel 26:1-4.SAUL COMES TO THE HILL OF HACHILAH AGAINST DAVID. They were not divided into two books until the Old Testament was translated into Greek. While David does many things right in dealing with Saul in chapter 24, he fails to consistently apply the same principles in his dealings with Nabal in chapter 25. But this will always prompt you to accept/refuse cookies when revisiting our site. But he offered these suggestions to Saul to give him an easier way to repent. This time he found himself in the wilderness of Ziph with Saul in pursuit. i. This new evidence of David's moderation and magnanimous forbearance, together with his earnest and kindly expostulation, softened the obduracy of Saul's heart. May the LORD repay every man for his righteousness and his faithfulness. Peninnah had 24:6-7). So David arose and came to the place where Saul had encamped. 1Sa 26:19 - Now therefore, I pray thee, let my lord the king hear the words of his servant. Note that blocking some types of cookies may impact your experience on our websites and the services we are able to offer. Her husband, Elkanah, took another wife, Peninnah—almost certainly because Hannah was unable to give him a child—even though he loved Hannah. That translation is accurate from the Hebrew but gives the wrong idea. (22-25) David explains to Saul why he did not kill him. 1 SAMUEL 26 COMMENTARY EDITED BY GLENN PEASE Introduction by Peter Pett Saul Determines To Seek Out David Once More, And Once More Survives Because Of David’s Mercy (1 Samuel 26:1-25). The pressure of all this tempted David to consider leaving Israel altogether and to go among those who worshipped other gods. Please see our Privacy Policy for cookie usage details. David knew very well that the LORD or other men had not stirred up Saul but that it came from Saul’s own bitterness, carnality, and jealousy. This common custom of Arab sheiks was also the practice of the Hebrew chiefs. For one of the people came in to destroy your lord the king. Saul lay within the camp is a good translation of the idea. 1 Samuel 26 -At this time the Ziphites returned to Saul and convinced him to go and seek David out again because he was hiding in the hill of Hachilah, which is before Jeshimon (or the desert). David gained intelligence of his motions (1 Samuel 26:4), and took a view of his camp, 1 Samuel 26:5. Saul's cruse would probably be of superior materials, or more richly ornamented than common ones, and therefore by its size or form be easily distinguished. He waited to see if the repentant words Saul spoke showed a genuine repentance in his life. 1 Samuel 1 – The Birth of Samuel. You can also change some of your preferences. And Saul encamped in the hill of Hachilah, which. David could say to himself and everyone else, “. Now David went over to the other side, and stood on the top of a hill afar off, a great distance, between them. (1Sa 26:9-12) David's response to the opportunity to kill Saul. These cookies are strictly necessary to provide you with services available through our website and to use some of its features. Now therefore, please, let my lord the king hear the words of his servant: If the LORD has stirred you up against me, let Him accept an offering. i. David understood the principle Jesus spoke of in Matthew 7:2: With the same measure you use, it will be measured back to you. We might think that David had more righteous reason than ever to kill Saul. David saw the place where Saul lay, and Abner the son of Ner, the commander of his army, : As the entire army slept Saul slept near, ), secretly crept down to where Saul and Abner slept. Copyright © 2020, Bible Study Tools. And now see where the king’s spear is, and the jug of water that was by his head.”. b. As he did this with a pious disposition of mind, it was called ministering unto the Lord. i. A Bible Study in EasyEnglish (2800 word vocabulary) on the Book of 1 Samuel. : As a wise and capable commander David constantly monitored the movements of Saul. But he showed no evidence of true repentance towards God. even to the earth at once--The ferocious vehemence of the speaker is sufficiently apparent from his language, but David's magnanimity soared far above the notions of his followers. d. Then Abishai said to David, “God has delivered your enemy into your hand this day”: As with the last time David could have killed Saul (1 Samuel 24:4), David’s associates pointed out that this circumstance was not an accident but designed by God – and the design was for David to take righteous vengeance upon Saul. All rights reserved. But he wanted both the throne and the blessing of God. : This dramatic evidence – like the evidence of the corner of Saul’s robe in 1 Samuel 24:11 – was undeniable proof that David had the opportunity to kill Saul but did not do it. 19. Chief among them is the story of David and Goliath, the quintessential underdog story. Saul anointed to be king (1-16) Saul presented to the people (17-27) 11. The whole troop was sunk in sleep around him. But please, take now the spear and the jug of water that, by his head, and let us go.” So David took the spear and the jug of water, Saul’s head, and they got away; and no man saw. Bible Track is an online Bible commentary and study site plus a Bible reading plan. The idea is that the perimeter of Israeli army camp was marked by the tracks of their wagons, and it was within the perimeter of the camp that Saul slept. CHAPTER 26. Now, Saul went back on a previous promise to leave David alone. : David first asked Saul to consider the facts and to clearly think about what David did. . Then said Abishai to David, God hath delivered thine enemy into thine hand--This midnight stratagem shows the activity and heroic enterprise of David's mind, and it was in unison with the style of warfare in ancient times. – both from the “feel” of the verse and Saul’s subsequent actions – that Saul isn’t repentant but only ; bitterly realizes that David got the better of him again. reminds us that Saul had a great numerical advantage. The pressure of all this tempted David to consider leaving Israel altogether and to go among those who worshipped other gods. He would wait until it came to him God’s way. David Spares Saul’s Life. The LORD forbid that I should stretch out my hand against the LORD’s anointed. He waited to see if the repentant words Saul spoke showed a genuine repentance in his life. From “Playing Both Ends Against the Middle” to “Caught Between a Rock and a Hard Place” (1 Samuel 29:1-30:6) But as David went. Abishai also weaves into the matter an element of poetic justice: the spear used to kill Saul would be the king’s own spear, stuck in the ground by his head. I’m full of love, but I’m not stupid. In them the complete life-story of this man is told.”. and all asleep, Saul was completely vulnerable. What hurt David the most was that he couldn’t go to the house of God and openly be with the people of God, living his life after the LORD as he longed to. A chapter by chapter and verse by verse study of 1 Samuel taught by Pastor Paul LeBoutillier of Calvary Chapel Ontario, Oregon. BibleTrack: Bible Commentary - 1 Samuel 25, 26, 27 Visit BibleTrack Why should David go on such a dangerous mission? c. David saw the place where Saul lay, and Abner the son of Ner, the commander of his army: As the entire army slept Saul slept near the commander of his army. Saul lay in the trench, and the people pitched round about him--Among the nomad people of the East, the encampments are usually made in a circular form. That would only change when God changed it; David would not stretch out his hand against the LORD’s anointed. As he did this with a pious disposition of mind, it was called ministering unto … I. : David trusted in God who blesses the righteous and the faithful. (Romans 12:17-21). Why then have you not guarded your lord the king? 26 The Ziphites g went to Saul at Gibeah and said, “Is not David hiding h on the hill of Hakilah, which faces Jeshimon? Since these providers may collect personal data like your IP address we allow you to block them here. Thus he obtained the best of victories over him, by heaping coals of fire on his head. This thing that you have done, the LORD lives, you deserve to die, because you have not guarded your master, the LORD’s anointed. Saul defeats the Ammonites (1-11) Saul’s kingship reconfirmed (12-15) 12. “Saul, please don’t kill me!”, i. Saul had his chance and he blew it.”. a. I have sinned: The last time Saul was in this situation he was overcome with emotion. The following cookies are also needed - You can choose if you want to allow them: You can read about our cookies and privacy settings in detail on our Privacy Policy Page. What hurt David the most was that he couldn’t go to the house of God and openly be with the people of God, living his life after the LORD as he longed to. stood on the top of an hill afar off . And now see where the king’s spear, Are you not a man? And David saw the place where Saul lay, and Abner the son of Ner, the commander of his army. Biblical Commentary 1 Samuel 2:18-20, 26 EXEGESIS: THE CONTEXT: Chapter 1 of First Samuel told of Hannah's infertility, which caused her great pain. b. 5. 3 Saul made his camp beside the road on the hill of Hakilah k facing Jeshimon, but David stayed in the wilderness. EasyEnglish is a system of simple English designed by Wycliffe Associates (UK). Finding God’s Will, Any ‘Witch’ Way You Can (1 Samuel 28:1-25) 26. Let one of the young men come over and get it. Then Abishai said to David, “God has delivered your enemy into your hand this day”. But David knew that even a sinning Saul was still the anointed king over Israel (1 Samuel 10:1). Subscribe to a study package to unlock the ESV Study Bible, the interactive Knowing the Bible study series, the Preaching the Word commentary series, and more. Please let me strike at once with the spear, . Check to enable permanent hiding of message bar and refuse all cookies if you do not opt in. i. David held on to this principle, and when he became king, he recognized that his righteousness was rewarded (Psalm 18:20-27). Then Saul knew David’s voice, and said, “Is that your voice, my son David?” And David said, “It is my voice, my lord, O king.” And he said, “Why does my lord thus pursue his servant? Samuel meets with Saul (1-27) 10. But please, take now the spear and the jug of water that are by his head, and let us go.” So David took the spear and the jug of water by Saul’s head, and they got away; and no man saw it or knew it or awoke. Saul’s repentance was deep, sincere, and emotional – but it didn’t last very long. David therefore sent out spies, and understood that Saul had indeed come. It all might have seemed to be perfectly given from the hand of God. When David boldly demonstrated this to Saul, the king was greatly moved emotionally and publicly repented for his murderous intentions toward David. Defender -> 1Sa 25:22 ; 1Sa 25:38 ; 1Sa 25:42 ; 1Sa 25:44 Defender : 1Sa 25:22 - pisseth against the wall This expression here and in 1Sa 15:34 was evidently in David's day a depreciating way of referring to males, and was not necessarily considered a … 1 Samuel 26:5-25 . i. 3,000 against 600 is a significant advantage. Commentary on 1 Samuel 26:21-25 (Read 1 Samuel 26:21-25) Saul repeated his good words and good wishes. and cried to the The extraordinary purity and elasticity of the air in Palestine enable words to be distinctly heard that are addressed by a speaker from the top of one hill to people on that of another, from which it is separated by a deep intervening ravine. b. The circumference is lined by the baggage and the men, while the chief's station is in the center, whether he occupy a tent or not. In this, David trusted that God would protect him when he did eventually come to reign over Israel. The spear that was thrown at David in attempted murder before (1 Samuel 18:10-11 and 19:9-10) would now be used as the instrument of the LORD’s righteous judgment. “Saul lay”: Saul was sleeping in an apparently invulnerable place. It all might have seemed to be perfectly given from the hand of God. III. 13-20. If you do not want that we track your visit to our site you can disable tracking in your browser here: We also use different external services like Google Webfonts, Google Maps, and external Video providers. ii. In this, David trusted that God would protect him when he did eventually come to reign over Israel. David knew where Saul was but Saul did not know where David was. He refused to take the throne through murder or rebellion. He could send any of his 600 men to do this job, and from a military sense it made more sense to send someone else. The words seem right but the feelings aren’t there. Having three thousand chosen men of Israel with him, to seek David: This means Saul went back on his previous repentance shown in 1 Samuel 24:16-21. The idea is that the perimeter of Israeli army camp was marked by the tracks of their wagons, and it was within the perimeter of the camp that Saul slept.
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